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The lichen dominated vegetation on the older shingle ridges at Dungeness takes decades to develop, and when damaged has proved resistant to restoration.  A few years back, however,  when willow was being cut in one of the shingle wetlands, itwas stacked on bare shingle rather than being burnt, partly to allow the wood to be used for dead wood invertebrates.  Ten years on the pile has collapsed somewhat and it is now surrounded by a plant community that is looking increasingly typical of ancient shingle vegetation, with an increasing range of lichens, mosses and flowering plants.

Vegetation has formed under the rotting timber and around it as the wood stacks have acted as a wind break for loose vegetation blowing across the shingle.  And now at last dead wood insects are making their presence apparent on the stacks of dead timber.

Quite which species are in residence I cannot say but the various tunnels come in a variety of different sizes.

It is clear that dead timber can be used to artificially restore "old" shingle communities where the shingle has been damaged.  The next question is how litttle timber does it take to have a positive effect, as vegetation seems to have developed adjacent to individual branches in some cases, rather than stacks, for reasons I do not as yet fully understand.

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